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Thursday, July 3, 2014

Weekly Hydro-meteorological Report, 3 July, 2014


Monitoring and Prediction
The southeast monsoon is active. Therefore south east region of the country received high amounts of rainfall during June. More than 200 mm of excess monthly rainfall compared to past years was observed in this region during this month. During the next two weeks this condition is predicted to continue but heavy rainfall events are not likely to happen during the next six days. The sea surface temperature remains to be warmer than average.

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Weekly Monitoring:: From 25th of June onwards until the 28th only light rainfall was observed in various parts of the country. On the 29th, sea further west of Colombo as well as some parts of the Western province received rainfall up to 50 mm. The rainfall expanded on the next day (30th) into the whole immediate south western sea and Colombo, Kalutara, Ratnapura, Galle, Matara, Kegalle and Kurunegala districts. Light rainfall was observed in the central region of the country on the same day. The south western sea continued to receive high rainfall up to 50 mm on the 1st of July while inland rainfall diminished.

Monthly Monitoring:The southwest monsoon was active during the month of June. Due to this the south western region received higher rainfall than rest of the country. The entire southern half of the island received rainfall during this month but except for Colombo, Kaluthara, Galle, Matara, Ratnapura, Kegalle, western areas of Nuwara-Eliya and southern areas of Gampaha districts, rainfall received in the country was below-average. In the above mentioned districts up to 200 mm of excess rainfall, compared to the average rainfall received in the past during June, was observed.


14-day prediction:More rainfall is expected (up to 55 mm) during the fortnight starting from 2nd July 2014.

IMD WRF Model Forecast & IRI forecast: According to the IMD WRF model and IRI forecasts South Western to western regions of the country shall continue to receive rainfall. No heavy rainfall events are expected during 2nd to 7th July 2014.

Seasonal Prediction:As per IRI Multi Model Probability Forecast issued on June 2014; for July 2014 to September 2014, the precipitation shall be climatological while there is a 70% chance that temperature shall be above normal.

PACIFIC SEAS STATE June 19, 2014 :During May through mid-June the observed ENSO conditions remained near the borderline of a weak El Niño condition in the ocean, but the atmosphere so far has shown little involvement. Most of the ENSO prediction models indicate more warming coming in the months ahead, leading to sustained El Niño conditions by the middle of northern summer.
INDIAN OCEAN STATE :Seas around Sri Lanka showed 0.5 ⁰C higher than average sea surface temperature.
MJO STATE :MJO is at phase 8 in the Western Hemisphere and Africa. Still the MJO is weak and therefore this shall not have an impact on the rainfall in Sri Lanka

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