Thursday, February 25, 2016
Weekly Hydro-meteorological Report, 25, February 2016
Mostly dry weather conditions were observed in the country where only north western, south eastern and western regions received rainfall during 17th – 23rd February. Rainfall up to 60 mm was observed around Wennappuwa and Negombo on 20th February. Moneragala on 17th February and Badulla on 18th February received rainfall up to 50 mm. NOAA NCEP model predict relatively high rainfall in southern region of the country in the next week and the rest of the country shall receive light rainfall. MJO is in phase 7 therefore shall suppress rainfall in Sri Lanka in a significant manner.
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Weekly Monitoring:During the week 17th – 23rd February, western and south eastern regions of the country received rainfall. On 17th February, Badulla received rainfall up to 50 mm while western region of Ampara and ocean near Mullaitivu received rainfall up to 40 mm. Light rainfall was seen in the rest of the country on the same day. Rainfall up to 50 mm was observed in Moneragala on 18th February. Ginigathhena, Kalpitiya, Negombo and ocean near Kalutara received rainfall up to 30 mm on 19th February. Rainfall up to 60 mm was observed around Wennappuwa and Negombo on 20th February while Kuliyapitiya, Pannala and southern region of Kalutara received rainfall up to 30 mm. Entire country did not receive any rainfall on 21st – 23rd February.
Monthly Monitoring:In January 2016 dry conditions were seen throughout the country. Below average rainfall was observed in the entire country except in Batticaloa district and some parts in Polonnaruwa, Trincomalee and Ratnapura districts where up to 4 mm/day rainfall was observed.
14-day prediction:NOAA NCEP models predict relatively high rainfall in southern and central regions of the country. Rainfall up to 85 mm is expected during 24th February – 1st March while north central and western regions shall receive rainfall up to 55 mm. Rest of the country shall receive rainfall up to 35 mm. These models predict that the rainfall shall decrease during 2nd – 8th March where only south western shall receive rainfall up to 35 mm.
IMD WRF Model Forecast & IRI forecast:According to the IMD WRF model, Galle shall receive rainfall up to 35 mm on 26th February while south western and south eastern and eastern coastal regions shall receive slight amounts of rainfall. Rest of the country shall not receive rainfall. On 27th February, eastern and south eastern regions shall receive rainfall up to 35 mm where northern, central, southern, western regions shall receive slight amounts of rainfall. IRI CFS models predict up to 100 mm total rainfall in the sea east of Kalmunai and up to 75 mm total rainfall around coastal region of Ampara during 24th – 29th February.
Seasonal Prediction:As per IRI Multi Model Probability Forecast for March to May, the total 3 month precipitation has 40% likelihood of being below average. The 3 month temperature has more than 70-80% likelihood in the entire country of being in the above-normal tercile during this period.
PACIFIC SEAS STATE February 18, 2016 :During mid-February 2016 the tropical Pacific SST was still at a very strong El Niño level, having peaked in November and December. All atmospheric variables continue to support the El Niño pattern, including weakened trade winds and excess rainfall in the east-central tropical Pacific. Most ENSO prediction models indicate slowly weakening El Niño conditions over the coming several months, returning to neutral by late spring or early summer 2016, with a chance for La Niña development during fall.
INDIAN OCEAN STATE :0.5 degree Celsius above average sea surface temperature was observed around Sri Lanka.
MJO STATE :MJO is in Phase 7 and therefore shall suppress rainfall in Sri Lanka in a significant manner.