Thursday, December 3, 2015
Weekly Hydro-meteorological Report, 03 December, 2015
Heavy rainfall was observed in the last few days throughout the country due to a low pressure area in the Bay of Bengal. Up to 40 mm rainfall was observed in northern and eastern regions of the country during the time period 25th November – 1st December. Heavy rainfall up to 160 mm was observed in ocean near Puttalam and up to 130 mm in ocean near Trincomalee on 1st December. Rainfall up to 110 mm was observed around Sinharaja Forest Reserve on 30th November. NOAA NCEP models predict rainfall excess of 135 mm in the northern, north central and central regions of the country. The rest of the country too shall receive high rainfall (about 95 mm) Very heavy rainfall is predicted for the area around Badulla in the next few days by IRI CFS models.
Download Full Report
Weekly Monitoring:During 25th November – 1st December the entire country received high rainfall. On 25th November, rainfall up to 30 mm was observed around Imaduwa, Kalawana and Eheliyagoda. On 26th November no rainfall was observed in the country. Rainfall up to 60 mm was observed around western region of Mullaitivu and ocean near Mannar on 27th November. Kuruwita received rainfall up to 80 mm on 28th November while Tangalle, Neluwa, Avissawella and ocean near eastern province received rainfall up to 50 mm. On 29th November rainfall up to 70 mm was observed around Dehiattakandiya, Badulla and the south eastern ocean. Rainfall up to 110 mm was observed around Sinharaja Forest Reserve on 30th November while Kalutara, Colombo and ocean near Matara received rainfall up to 80 mm. On 1st December, ocean near Puttalam received heavy rainfall up to 160 mm while ocean near Trincomalee received rainfall up to 130 mm.
Monthly Monitoring::In November 2015, almost entire country received above average rainfall while the ocean near eastern and southern provinces, southern region of Galle and Matara received below average rainfall.
14-day prediction: NOAA NCEP models predict relatively high rainfall in northern and central regions of the country compared to the rest of the country during 2nd – 8th December. Total rainfall above 135 mm is expected during the week in northern and central regions and total rainfall up to 95 mm is expected in southern region. These models predict the rainfall to decrease during 9th – 15th December and total rainfall up to 95 mm is expected in eastern region, total rainfall up to 55 mm is expected in southern and north western regions.
IMD WRF Model Forecast & IRI forecast: According to the IMD WRF model rainfall up to 125 mm is expected in Jaffna and ocean near Trincomalee and Gampaha on 4th December while rest of the country shall receive slight amounts of rainfall. On 5th December Dambulla, ocean near Jaffna, Puttalam and Galle shall receive rainfall up to 125 mm and the rest of the country shall receive slight amounts of rainfall. IRI CFS models predict total rainfall up to 200 mm in northern and south western regions of the country and the ocean near western region during 2nd – 7th December. Very heavy rainfall is predicted for Badulla.
Seasonal Prediction:As per IRI Multi Model Probability Forecast for December to February, the total 3 month precipitation shall be climatological. The 3 month temperature has more than 70-80% likelihood in the entire country of being in the above-normal tercile during this period.
PACIFIC SEAS STATE November 19, 2015 :During late October through early November 2015 the tropical Pacific SST was at a strong El Niño level. All atmospheric variables strongly support the El Niño pattern, including weakened trade winds and excess rainfall in the east-central tropical Pacific. The consensus of ENSO prediction models indicate continuation of strong El Niño conditions during the November-January 2015-16 season in progress. Some slightly further strengthening is possible into early winter 2015-16, with the event slowly weakening during spring 2016.
INDIAN OCEAN STATE : 1 degree Celsius above average temperature was observed around Sri Lanka.
MJO STATE :MJO phase is in 4 therefore shall slightly enhance rainfall in Sri Lanka.