Thursday, February 18, 2016
Weekly Hydro-meteorological Report, 18, February 2016
The entire country observed dry weather conditions during the week 9th – 15th February where only south east, south west and western ocean received rainfall. Rainfall up to 90 mm was observed in the ocean around Chilaw on 15th February and western, south western and south eastern ocean also received rainfall in the same day. NOAA NCEP model predict relatively high rainfall in south western region of the country in next fortnight and the rest of the country also expected to receive rainfall. MJO is in phase 6 therefore shall not have a significant impact on rainfall.
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Weekly Monitoring:During the week 9th – 15th February, only the south east ocean and ocean around western region of the country received rainfall. Sinharaja forest reserve received rainfall up to 20 mm on 9th February. Dry weather conditions were observed throughout the rest of the week in the entire country. On 14th February the south east ocean received rainfall up to 30 mm. Ocean around Chilaw received rainfall up to 90 mm on 15th February while ocean around Kalutara to Galle received rainfall up to 40 mm and south east ocean received rainfall up to 30 mm.
Monthly Monitoring:In January 2016 dry conditions were seen throughout the country. Below average rainfall was observed in the entire country except in Batticaloa district and some parts in Polonnaruwa, Trincomalee and Ratnapura districts where up to 4 mm/day rainfall was observed.
14-day prediction:NOAA NCEP models predict relatively high rainfall in south western region of the country. Up to 55 mm rainfall is expected to receive during 17th – 23rd February where the rest of the country shall receive rainfall up to 35 mm. Same weather conditions are expected to continue during the week 24th February – 1st March.
IMD WRF Model Forecast & IRI forecast:According to the IMD WRF model, eastern coastal region and southern coastal region is expected receive rainfall up to 35 mm on 19th February where northern, central and southern regions shall receive slight amounts of rainfall. On 20th February, the eastern coastal region shall receive rainfall up to 35 mm and the rest of the country except southern and north western regions of the country are expected to receive slight amounts of rainfall. IRI CFS models predict up to 150 mm rainfall in the sea east of Kalmunai, up to 75 mm total rainfall in eastern and western coastal regions during 17th – 22nd February.
Seasonal Prediction:As per IRI Multi Model Probability Forecast for March to May, the total 3 month precipitation has 40% likelihood of being below average. The 3 month temperature has more than 70-80% likelihood in the entire country of being in the above-normal tercile during this period.
PACIFIC SEAS STATE February 11, 2016 :During early February 2016 the tropical Pacific SST was still at a very strong El Niño level, having peaked in November and December. All atmospheric variables continue to support the El Niño pattern, including weakened trade winds and excess rainfall in the east central tropical Pacific. The consensus of ENSO prediction models indicate gradually weakening El Niño conditions over the coming several months, but not returning to neutral until late spring or early summer 2016.
INDIAN OCEAN STATE :Neutral sea surface temperature was observed around Sri Lanka.
MJO STATE :MJO phase is in 6 therefore shall not have a significant impact on the rainfall in Sri Lanka.